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Basics of the Esperanto grammar    

Alphabet   Grammar   Easy texts   Videos      

Esperanto alphabet               (top)

The Esperanto alphabet contains 28 letters. Esperanto spelling is completely phonetic: every word is pronounced as spelled, and spelled as pronounced. Accent is always on the next-to-last syllable. There is one syllable for each vowel. To get good pronunciation try to imitate the voices in good videos. Start by Mazi en Gondolando. Make sure that you are imitating whole sentences, not word by word.
Letter   Sound

A  a   A as in fAther
B  b   B as in Be
C  c   TS as in wiTS
Ĉ  ĉ   CH as in CHurch
D  d   D as in Do
E  e   E as in gEt
F   f   F as in Fly
G  g  G as in Gun
Ĝ  ĝ  J as in Join
H  h  H as in Half
Ĥ  ĥ  CH as Scottish loCH
 I   i   I  as in marIne
J   j   Y as in Yoke
Ĵ   ĵ   Z as in aZure
Letter   Sound

K  k   K as in Key
L  l     L as in Line
M  m  M as in Make
N  n   N as in Now
O  o   O as in nOt
P  p   P as in Pair
R  r   R as in Rare
S  s   S as in See
Ŝ  ŝ   SH as in SHow
T   t   T as in Tea
U  u   OO as in tOO
Ŭ  ŭ   W as in Win
V  v   V as in Very
Z  z   Z as in Zeal

Some grammar                 (top)

Endings(Click for a full list)      

  -o: all nouns (substantives) end in o (o, oj, on, ojn)
  -a: all adjectives end in a (a, aj, an, ajn)
Related nouns and adjectives have to end the same way.

  -e: There are about   25 primitive adverbs.
Adding the ending "-e" to a root will became an adverb.

  -as:  present
  -os:  future
  -us:  conditional
  -u:    imperative
  -i:     infinitive

    In this page   you will find almost complete lists of:
articles   pronouns   prepositions   adverbs   correlatives  
prefixes   suffixes   endings   numbers   days of the week  
months   colors   1000 more used words   Enrique's pages

Easy texts:     English translation                 (top)

    Click to see 12 + 3   Facilaj Tekstoj kaj 6 Kantoj     (15 easy texts and 6 songs)

Read these 15 texts in sequence. You can listen while you read.
Try to guess the full text before looking at the translation.

    From: 1. Unua leciono. Amiko Marko     1. First lesson. My friend Mark

Marko estas mia amiko.   Mark is my friend.
Marko kaj Anna estas miaj amikoj.   Mark and Anna are my friends.

Sur tablo estas papero kaj libro.   On a table there are a paper and a book.
Sur tablo estas blanka papero kaj granda libro.   On a table there are a white paper and a big book.
Sur tablo estas blankaj paperoj kaj grandaj libroj.   On a table there are white papers and big books.

Mi havas grandan libron.   I have a big book.    
Mi havas grandajn librojn.   I have big books.

  Videos to learn Esperanto             (top)

Start with "Mazi en Gondolando", 77 minutes. Watch it several times. Keep watching even if you don't understand. After 2 or 3 times you can watch "Mazi revenas al Gondolando", 80 + 15 minutes. Keep watching both.

Mazi en Gondolando     Mazi revenas al Gondolando  + Mazi kaj la mistera planto.

Another video to learn Esperanto. There are 4 DVD's. Each DVD is almost 2 hours, about 7 and a half hours in total. There are 16 lessons of about 27 minutes each. Try to understand well each lesson before going into the next one.

Pasporto Al La Tuta Mondo:   DVD 1     DVD 2     DVD 3     DVD 4    

Gerda Malaperis  
A complete film based in an easy to read book. Originally 25 chapters, adding 20 - 40 new words in each chapter, to increase your vocabulary, about 1200 roots in all, 106 minutes.


Enrique's homepage     Faktoj   20 Reasons to learn and use Esperanto

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Updated by  Enrique,  February  27  2022       This page